Project Cycle Toolkit

LNOB Inequality Poverty Focus Area
Choose your project phase and/or focus area – scroll down to see the results!

Results: All Phases + All Focus Areas

Fiscal policies to reduce inequality

Implementation Monitoring Strategy

Goal:
This three-part study focusses on the impact fiscal policies can have on inequality.

Key features:

  • Background information on methodology and concepts of measuring inequality and the impact of fiscal policies on inequality
  • Analysis of fiscal policies on the revenue and expenditure side
  • Recommendations to inequality reducing tax and expenditure mixes
  • Best practices and exemplary case studies

Particulary relevant for:
Project implementers, project designers and advisors advocating for progressive taxation and inequality-reducing tax and public expenditure.

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Goal:
This three-part study focusses on the impact fiscal policies can have on inequality. It analyses different taxes and expenditures and their implications on the reduction of inequalities in a Handbook as the first component. The second component, the Analysis of German reform partner countries, examines fiscal policies in reform partner countries of the German development cooperation and identifies potentials for possible further action. The policy brief summarises the main results of both components. The components are interconnected and complement each other.

Particulary relevant for:
Project implementers, project designers and advisors advocating for progressive taxation and inequality-reducingtax and public expenditure.

Indicators Matter to LNOB – An indicator toolbox to leave no one behind in fighting poverty and inequality

Monitoring Planning

Goal:
This study provides a practical guide and toolbox for project designers and implementers to strengthen their indicators by making them pro-poor- as well as inequality- and LNOB-sensitive.

Key features:

  • background information on methodology, concepts and gender sensitivity
  • five steps and tools to formulate good poverty, inequality, and LNOB indicators
  • good exemplary indicators to measure poverty, inequality, and the LNOB principle
  • recommendations for improving indicators and reflection questions

Particulary relevant for:
Project designers and implementers who are seeking to include pro-poor, LNOB- and inequality-sensitive monitoring into their projects

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Goal:
This study provides a practical guide and toolbox for project designers and implementers to strengthen their indicators by making them pro-poor-, inequality- and LNOB-sensitive. These improved indicators can track progress and facilitate gearing additional efforts to leaving no one behind in the fight against poverty and inequality.

Key features:
The study includes background information on methodology, concepts and gender sensitivity as well as five steps and tools to formulate good poverty, inequality, and LNOB indicators:

Step 1: context analysis - Tool 1: context and exclusion analysis
Step 2: definition of results level - Tool 2: results level identification
Step 3: selection of indicator type - Tool 3: indicator type identification
Step 4: making indicators SMARTer - Tool 4: SMARTener
Step 5: planning data collection and monitoring - Tool 5: data collection and monitoring plan

The study concludes with good exemplary indicators to measure poverty, inequality, and the LNOB principle and provides recommendations for improving indicators as well as respective reflection questions.

Particulary relevant for:
Project designers and implementers who are seeking to include pro-poor, LNOB- and inequality-sensitive monitoring into their projects

Good practices and strategies to reduce poverty in conflict-affected contexts in sub-Saharan Africa

Strategy

Goal:
This study establishes effective strategies to meet the dual challenge of adressing both poverty as well as fragility, violence and conflict.

Key features:

  • effective strategies to overcome challenges of projects that adress poverty in fragile contexts
  • existing tools, lessons learned and good practices based on case studies of projects that work in and on conflict

Particulary relevant for:
Policy makers and project planners that are working either in or/and on conflict.

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Goal:
Considering that most people living in extreme poverty reside in conflict-affected areas, this study outlines the interplay of poverty and fragility. Based on a sample of projects and programmes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where most of people living in extreme poverty reside today, it establishes effective strategies to meet the dual challenge of adressing both poverty as well as fragility, violence and conflict.

Key features:
The study displays observed challenges of projects that address both poverty in fragile contexts as well as effective strategies to overcome these. Each povertyreducing strategy is based on good practices, lessons learned and existing tools next to a review of advantages and disadvantages. Real-life examples, checklists and a concise as well as engaging presentation of the results ensure the study's applicability into various contexts. All of these feed into the last section of core questions and good practices that function as guiding principles.

Particulary relevant for:
Policy makers and project planners that are working either in or/and on conflict.

Equity Budgeting Tool

Planning

Goal:
The EBT provides practitioners with the necessary core understanding of equity and offers a framework to analyse the reflection of inequality reduction in the drafting and execution of public budgets.

Key features:

  • selection of existing instruments
  • offers a checklist of questions
  • stimulates policy discussions and supports the development of informed reform measures

Particulary relevant for:
Practitioners and policy makers who are drafting and executing public budgets.

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Goal:
The aim of the Equity Budgeting Tool (EBT) is to provide practitioners with the necessary core
understanding of equity, but more so offer a generic framework to analyse to what extent the reduction of inequality is reflected in the drafting and the execution of public budgets. It helps policy makers and other users to:
- Better understand the relevance of equity aspects during budget preparation;
- Gain better knowledge about the effects of public spending on disadvantaged groups;
- Gain better understanding of who is to win and who is to lose from fiscal policy measures;
- Highlight unintended misallocation of funds detrimental to the reduction of inequalities;
- Better address issues of equity budgeting through a clearer visualization of data.

Key features:
After discussing basic questions around the application of the EBT (Chapter 3), a general introduction to equity and the link to Good Financial Governance is given (Chapter 4). The two following chapters present key analytical instruments as well as relevant questions to reviewing equity considerations through the budget process (Chapter 5 – budget outcomes, Chapter 6 – budget processes). Chapter 7 then concludes. The Annex provides useful further guidance for the application of the EBT (a template for data collection as well as means of data visualisation).

Particulary relevant for:
Practitioners and policy makers who are drafting and executing public budgets.